Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Finil Agreement: what is it? The shimla agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Building the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Main Features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that had affected their relations in the past and to work towards a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to achieve lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2. India and Pakistan both agree that relations between the two parties are governed by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful, bilateral or other mutually agreed means. 4. Both India and Pakistan have agreed to respect the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir without prejudice to the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither would attempt to change them unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations.
5. In addition, the two nations agreed to refrain from the use of threat or force in violation of this line. Ratification of the Shimla AgreementThe Shimla Agreement has been ratified by India and Pakistan in their respective constitutional procedures. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. . . .