After years of austerity and wage cuts in the public sector and the resulting effects on labour relations, it is not yet possible to see what new issues – in addition to the restoration of wages – arise from social dialogue and collective bargaining for public sector employees. After a rather difficult period of negotiations, there has been a breakthrough in several important rounds of negotiations, such as that of the construction sector. However, negotiations remain tense with 600,000 public sector employees. In May 2015, after four years of deadlock, a ridge agreement was signed between three unions and employer representatives. Salaries increase by 5.05% and all civil servants receive a lump sum of €500. The FNV, the main union involved, however, refused to sign the agreement, saying the agreed increases were financed by pension cuts. FNV challenged the agreement (and the pension cut) in court, but lost the first emergency procedure on 1 October 2015. To put pressure on employers, ver.di called for large warning strikes, which lasted up to a day and mainly concerned local transport, hospitals and airports. The strikes showed that ver.di could count on broad support from civil servants. A majority of the general public also supported the unions` demand, as it was widely accepted that public sector employees deserved a significant increase in wages after a series of years of real income losses. After the failure of negotiations in February 2008, public employers called for a common dispute settlement procedure. The outcome of this procedure did not allow an acceptable result to be achieved for ver.di and the union therefore underlined its determination to declare trade union actions.
However, the final negotiations of 31 March 2008 finally resulted in an agreement. Similarly, the Ministry of Social Security and Labour has been authorized to negotiate with trade unions for the elaboration of a sectoral collective agreement in the Lithuanian social services sector. The Lithuanian government agreed to obtain wage increases for social workers and other social workers from 2016. The government has also backed proposals to increase the lowest wages by an average of 5% from 1 March 2016. At the same time, negotiations have taken place for doctors in municipal hospitals between the APC and the doctors` union of the Marburg Confederation (MB), which is not a member of the DGB. On 8 April 2008, these led to a new collective agreement for doctors in municipal hospitals. Derogations from this new standard working time have been agreed for workers in municipal hospitals who will keep a 38.5-hour week, with the exception of those in Baden-Württemberg which, as agreed in 2006, will keep a 39-hour week. For staff working in childcare facilities such as crèches and kindergartens, the extension of working time will take the form of an additional 2.5 days of training and preparation.
Shiftworkers in waste supply and disposal services receive a monthly bonus of €200, or €130, depending on the shiftwork system. . . .