Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures are measures to protect humans, animals and plants from diseases, pests or contaminants. The two agreements have a number of elements in common, including core non-discrimination obligations and similar requirements for prior notification of proposed measures and the establishment of information offices (“en-information points”). However, many of the material rules are different. For example, both agreements promote the application of international standards. However, according to the SPS Convention, the only justification for the absence of such standards for food safety and the protection of animal and plant health is the scientific argument resulting from an assessment of potential health risks. On the other hand, under the OBT, governments may decide that international standards are not appropriate for other reasons, including fundamental technological problems or geographical factors. The SPS Agreement encourages governments to define national spS measures in line with international standards, guidelines and recommendations. This process is often referred to as “harmonization.” The WTO itself does not and will not develop such standards. However, most WTO member governments (132 at the time of writing) are involved in the development of these standards in other international for a.
The standards are developed by leading scientists in this field and government health experts and are subject to international review and review. Who benefits from the implementation of the SPS agreement? Is the agreement in the interests of developing countries? 1 In this Agreement, the reference to Article XX(b) shall also include the chapeau of this Article. (back to text) 2 For the purposes of Article 3(3), a scientific justification shall be provided where a Member, on the basis of a review and evaluation of the available scientific information, finds, in accordance with the relevant provisions of this Agreement, that the relevant international standards, guidelines or recommendations are not sufficient to achieve its appropriate level of sanitary or phytosanitary protection. (As regards the text) 3 For the purposes of Article 5(6), a measure shall not be more restrictive than necessary, unless there is another measure reasonably available having regard to technical and economic feasibility, which achieves the appropriate level of sanitary or phytosanitary protection and gives much less importance to trade. (back to text) 4 For the purposes of these definitions, the animal includes fish and wild animals; The plant includes forests and wild flora; Pests include weeds; and contaminants include residues of pesticides, veterinary drugs and foreign substances. (back to text) 5 sanitary and phytosanitary measures such as laws, regulations or regulations, which are of general application. (With regard to the text) 6 Where this Agreement refers to nationals, in the case of a separate customs territory which is a member of the WTO, natural or legal persons who reside or have actual employment and not only to carry out a commercial or commercial establishment in that customs territory shall apply. (back to text) 7 Control, inspection and authorisation procedures include, inter alia, sampling, testing and certification procedures. . .